Current situation and future development trend of

2022-08-18
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According to statistics, China currently has more than 100 barrel production lines, with an average production capacity of more than 200000 barrels/year. Last year, the national output of drinking water barrels was more than 20 million. However, at present, faced with insufficient localization of raw materials, incomplete industry standards and uneven quality, experts suggest that the industry standards should be improved as soon as possible, the research and development of domestic food grade PC raw materials should be strengthened, and the recycling of drinking water barrels should be focused on. The service work based on ordering will be fully packaged to ensure the healthy and sustainable development of the industry

according to experts, at present, plastic drinking water buckets can be divided into four categories:

the first category is "white bucket", which refers to a bucket made of food grade brand-new polycarbonate (PC). Its color is light blue, light transmittance is good, and the barrel body is free of pitting impurities. It is a drinking water bucket that meets the standard requirements

the second category is called "miscellaneous barrels", which are PC barrels with other brand marks recycled from customers due to the need of enterprises to reduce raw material costs

the third category refers to plastic buckets produced from other raw materials, mainly water buckets made of PET resin (a very small amount of PVC resin is used), which have light blue, blue black, light white and other colors

the fourth category is the "black bucket" that caused an uproar. Its raw materials come from recycled old PC barrels, waste CDs or waste medical bottles, motorcycle accessories, etc. its sanitary performance is the most worrying, threatening people's health

in the early 1990s, Zhuhai Zhongfu Industrial Group Co., Ltd. in Guangdong Province first introduced the production line of water buckets for polycarbonate (PC) drinks from abroad, which was in great demand in the market, and began the production of plastic drinking water buckets in China. At present, China is a large country in the manufacturing of drinking water buckets. However, domestic materials are still difficult to fully meet the requirements of processing and products in terms of performance, so they are troubled by the shortage of raw materials. Drinking buckets are mainly made of polycarbonate resin. At present, polycarbonate drinking buckets mainly use the raw materials of general motors, Dow Chemical Company and Bayer company of Germany, of which General Motors' polycarbonate material has a market share of about 65%. In the early and middle 1990s, the price of raw materials once exceeded 50000 yuan/ton. Although the current price has fallen to 20000 yuan/ton, it still leads to PC price fluctuations in the international market for plastic barrel manufacturers

according to experts, this situation has attracted international capital to accelerate investment in polycarbonate in China. At present, three international multinational companies, Bayer of the United States, Teijin of Japan and general motors of the United States, are investing in polycarbonate projects in China. In addition to the above items, Bayer also includes the first phase of the company's $1.8 billion investment in Shanghai Caojing Chemical Industry Park, including the 200000 t/a polycarbonate and the supporting 200000 t/a bisphenol a project, which will be completed in 2005. Teijin company of Japan began to produce polycarbonate resin in Zhejiang Province in April, 2005. The company is a memorandum of joint venture with Jiaxing Zhapu Petrochemical Industrial Park to build a polycarbonate production enterprise with us $500million. In addition, China Bluestar Group also plans to invest in more than two polycarbonate units. At the same time, China's first polycarbonate grade bisphenol a device has been put into operation in Bluestar new materials Wuxi resin factory. At that time, China can form a high-tech bisphenol a polycarbonate optical disk industry chain

product quality is the second bottleneck to be overcome. At present, the quality of drinking buckets in the market is uneven. Although the buckets produced by regular manufacturers still account for the vast majority - the product output of the two drinking bucket production enterprises of Zhuhai Zhongfu group and Kexin group accounts for more than 60% of the national bucket consumption, but due to the intensified competition in water plants and the high price of PC buckets, some small water plants began to use cheap buckets made of scrap bucket materials or even garbage materials in pursuit of low cost, This brings opportunities to the distribution of waste raw materials and the production and sales enterprises of low-quality barrels. In Zhengzhou, Shijiazhuang and other markets, you can see the sale of each 8 yuan drinking bucket. With such a low price, you can imagine the raw materials used. In addition, a small amount of processing aids are usually added to the drinking water bucket in the molding process. If the one-sided pursuit of low cost, do not pay attention to the selection of raw materials and additives with low toxicity, good quality, and meet the health requirements, the environmental health management is poor, the physical and mechanical properties of the bucket, especially the health performance, are difficult to meet the requirements, and the potential harm of the product is great. Before 2002, the drinking water bucket market was relatively chaotic, but the research office usually continued to focus on research and development in a certain field for three years. After media reports, local quality and technical supervision bureaus jointly carried out quality inspections with health, industry and Commerce and other departments, curbing the illegal acts of some enterprises using waste CDs to produce buckets, making most bucket manufacturers on the right path, and the market order was initially standardized

due to the characteristics of light weight and large volume of drinking water barrels, there are no particularly good recycling measures for damaged and obsolete PC barrels at present, but some places have crushed the recycled barrels and processed them into products for other purposes, such as canopy, sunlight board, etc. As the consumption of plastic drinking buckets is on the rise, the recycling, transportation and disposal of plastic drinking buckets after elimination are worth studying and solving by relevant departments. At the same time, corresponding laws and regulations should be considered in accordance with the relevant provisions of the food hygiene law to limit the use of recycled materials in food packaging containers

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