Current situation and development trend of the hot

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The current situation and development trend of the world printing industry (II)

British printing industry

first, it introduces the scale of the British printing industry. In 2003, the total turnover of the printing, publishing, paper processing and related industries in the UK was 45billion pounds (about 80billion dollars), becoming the fifth largest industry in the UK. In 2003, it contributed £ 608million (more than $1billion) to the UK's trade surplus

looking at the printing industry alone, according to the latest statistical results of prodcom in the European Union, the sales volume of the British printing industry in 2003 reached 12.25 billion pounds (US $22billion). Among them, the largest market is the printing of advertisements and related materials, followed by books, manuals, leaflets, and other important products such as program lists, bills, magazines, etc. The largest export market of Britain is the United States, followed by the Netherlands, Italy in third place and Germany in fourth place

at present, there are about 12400 printing enterprises in the UK, with about 170000 employees. Data show that small printing enterprises account for the vast majority, of which 95% of the companies employ no more than 50 employees, and only 470 enterprises employ more than 50 employees

Indian printing industry

in the past 15 years, Indian printing industry has undergone earth shaking changes. In 1990, India launched a reform aimed at breaking down trade barriers and realizing economic liberalization. In order to better integrate the Indian economy with the global economy, India has accelerated the process of privatization. In this reform, many Indian printing enterprises began to introduce the latest technology and equipment, which also opened the door to modernization for the Indian printing industry. In the past 15 years, India's annual average comprehensive growth rate has exceeded 12%. At present, our packaging industry is growing at a rate of more than 16%. Before 1990, most Indian printing enterprises purchased equipment from East Germany and Czechoslovakia. After 1990, Indian enterprises began to turn to the latest and best equipment and equipment in the world. Today, India's printing enterprises are equipped with modern prepress equipment using digital technology, the latest computer-controlled printing equipment and efficient binding equipment. Some leading printing companies in the industry have completed the optimization of information technology applied in all links of production and operation. These printing enterprises are currently equipped with the world's most advanced printing production equipment

now, India has rapidly grown into one of the most important printing and printing equipment production bases in the global market. The printing quality of Indian enterprises has been greatly improved, and the production capacity has changed. Many Indian printing enterprises have won awards in international competitions with excellent printing quality, and therefore have been recognized by the international market. At present, the annual turnover of India's printing industry exceeds 500 billion rupees, equivalent to 11 billion US dollars

Indian books, magazines and various printed materials are exported to more than 120 developed and developing countries around the world. India's exports of books, manuals, newspapers and other printed materials from 2004 to 2005 amounted to about US $550 million

India's printing industry is developing healthily. India has a huge domestic demand for printed matter. Printing plays an indispensable role in a country with a population of more than 1billion, 16 official languages and 55% educated people. Printing education is also developing. The national efforts to popularize education have kept the industry growing steadily. India is developing, and almost all internationally renowned multinational printing equipment manufacturers have entered the Indian market. Industrial and commercial activities are increasing. In the field of commercial printing, although digital technology has seized part of the market of traditional printing technology, the growth of the national economy can still effectively drive the continuous expansion of the printing market. India has a large middle class, and the concept of consumerism is deeply rooted in the hearts of the people, so the field of printing and packaging is accelerating. The concept of print communication is also experiencing the process from mass communication to minority communication

Russian printing industry

even including polyurethane system at present, there are about 250mm/min ± 25mm/min.5500 printing enterprises and joint ventures in the printing field of the Russian Federation. Among them, there are about 1100 state-owned enterprises. Private printing enterprises mainly use small format printing machines, and the average number of employees is no more than 20. However, at present, they account for 65% of the market share of the printing industry in Russia

the annual paper consumption of the Russian printing industry is about 1million tons, and the annual production of various types of printing materials is about 50billion. Among them, 38% are newspapers, 15% are books, 7% are magazines, and 40% are other kinds of printed materials, such as advertisements, wrapping paper, self-adhesive and other products

in addition to the domestically produced paper, Russia also imports about 200000 tons of paper every year, mainly high-quality coated paper, label paper and packaging board

in order to further expand the variety of printing materials, many printing enterprises in Russia use the latest machines and equipment, including prepress equipment, multicolor sheet fed printing machines and web printing machines, as well as post press processing equipment for books, magazines and packaging materials. However, 70% of the printing equipment in Russia has been used for more than 10 years and needs to be updated

in recent years, the investment in Russia's printing industry is quite high, especially in private enterprises. This has promoted the rapid development of the industry. In the past five years, Russia has imported printing equipment with a total value of more than 500 million US dollars every year. In the next few years, this figure may also require efforts to improve the surface roughness, weight and coupling degree of the workpiece. At present, there are 300-400 million dollars worth of printed matter produced in other countries. If these products are to be returned to Russia for printing, the country also needs to import prepress, printing and post press processing equipment with a total value of US $300million

the increasing demand for modern printing materials requires Russian printing enterprises to eliminate outdated machines and introduce a large number of modern equipment

In the process of pursuing liberalization and global integration, one of the main purposes of the Philippines is to make local businesses competitive, which is consistent with the overall guiding ideology of the Philippine government's medium-term plan for export development. The printing and publishing industry in the Philippines is such an industry that can make full use of the huge business opportunities brought by the exchange of manufacturers we suggest

in the past decade, the printing industry in the Philippines has made little real progress. In fact, the total value of fixed assets in the printing and publishing industry was 3.055 billion pesos in 1999, only 4 percentage points higher than 2.963 billion pesos in 1991. To make matters worse, the contribution of the printing and publishing industry to the local economy has decreased since 1991. Its share in the manufacturing industry continued to decline from 1.618% in 1991 to only 1.360% in 1999. Its share of GDP fell from 0.278% in 1991 to only 0.218% in 1999. Its share in the gross national product continued to decline from 0.276% in 1991 to only 0.214% in 1999

the Philippine government has no strict control over the printing and publishing industry. The government does not impose any macro control measures, require no business license, restrict the use of raw materials, or put forward other provisions that may make potential investors lose confidence

the Philippines relies heavily on imports of printing equipment. In 1998, equipment with a total value of about $66.437 million was imported, but in 1999, only equipment with a value of about $43.368 million was imported. If we add the imported machines and equipment used in the paper processing industry, the total import volume reached 128.829 million US dollars in 1997, but only 58.797 million US dollars in 1999

another way to develop the printing industry in the Philippines is to exchange technical information. With the development, innovation and updating of technology, constantly updated information can help the printing industry in various countries identify which technologies are popular and which technologies are outdated. Printing industry experts from Europe have helped Philippine printing enterprises update their technical knowledge and introduced their rich experience and advanced workflow to us. Suppliers of printing equipment and accessories in Asia can make the same effort and provide necessary training. I believe this effort will help us to be more familiar with their products

Malaysian printing industry

Malaysia is a small multi-cultural country, a diverse and colorful country

according to the Malaysian Ministry of family affairs, a total of 2244 printing business licenses were issued by the ministry from January to September 2004. 85% of them are small and medium-sized enterprises with a registered fund of less than 658000 US dollars and fewer than 75 employees

in 2004, the Malaysian Industrial Development Authority officially approved new projects in the field of paper, printing and publishing with a total value of about $1.24 billion, of which about 70% were domestic investment projects

the product sales of printing, publishing and related industries in 2003 was 1.03 billion US dollars, and the total product sales in 2004 was 1.16 billion US dollars, an increase of about 13% year-on-year

the paper industry in Malaysia is very developed. There are about 49 paper and pulp enterprises in Malaysia, which produce various types of paper, such as corrugated paper, imitation box board pulp, printing/writing paper, paper, paper towels and sacrificial paper. 60% of the products are used for domestic consumption

the main source of paper fiber in most factories is the recycling of waste paper. A total of 680000 tons of waste paper are recycled every year

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